Test Review One

Make sure you are on intimate terms with these concepts; you don’t necessarily have to love them.



Chapter 1





Aspects of intimacy

Expectations in intimate relationships

The need to belong

Trends since 1960 (in terms of marriage rates, divorce rates, unwed mothers etc.)

High and low sex ratios

Attachment styles

Sex differences vs. gender differences


Expressiveness, instrumentality and sex and gender roles



Evolutionary psychology and male and female behavior

Are relationships additive or interactional and multiplicative

The “dark side” of relationships


Chapter 2


Purpose of scientific study of relationships

Samples (representative, random, cumulative, convenience)

Negative and positive correlations

Cross-sectional studies

Longitudinal studies

Retrospective studies


Chapter 3


Proximity effects

Stereotypes about physical attractiveness

Universal indicators of physical attractiveness

Traits associated with concern about the appearance of dates

Reactance theory

Balance theory

Social exchange theory

Similarity, dissimilarity and liking

Fatal attraction

Stimulus-value-role theory

Characteristics each gender seeks in a partner


Chapter 4


Social cognition

Primacy effect and social cognition

Confidence levels in our judgments of others

Confirmation bias

Actor/observer effects

Self-serving bias

Attributions (internal-external, stable-unstable, global-specific)

Define romanticism

Impression management characteristics


Chapter 5


Functions of non-verbal communication

High-status vs. low status speakers in conversation

Universal expressions of emotions


Gender differences in verbal communication


Cross complaining

Communication in romantic relationships


X,Y,Z statements


Perception checking



Chapter 6


Comparison level  159-160

CL alt  162-163

Impact of positive and negative events on relationships  167

Signs of failure in relationships 170-171

Research on marital satisfaction and time married 172

Communal and exchange relationships 175-176

Equity theory 178



Chapter 8


Conditions for marriage 219

Types of Love 220-224

Excitation transfer 228

Response facilitation 227-228

Passionate Love Scale 228-229

The effects of romantic possibility on work assessment 231-232

Qualities contributing to longevity of marriages 232

Love styles 234

Attachment styles and relationships  235-236

Evolutionary psychology and love  240-241

Maintaining a long term relationship  244


Chapter 9


Sexual standards in the 21st century  248

Sexual Frequency by Group 255

Monogamy 256

Sociosexuality 257

Communication of sexual desire  270

Predicting Condom Use 261-262

Frequency of sex by relationship factor 265