Peak Performance:
Success in College and Beyond

Chapter 3

Manage Your Time


Chapter Objectives

n   Determine how you use your time

n   Determine how you should use your time

n   Use personal goals to identify priorities

n   List time-management strategies

n   Assess your energy level and time wasters

Chapter Objectives

n   Work in alignment with your learning style

n   Overcome procrastination

n   Handle interruptions

n   Juggle family, school, and job commitments

Success Principle 3

Focus on PRIORITIES, not tasks.

Use Time Effectively

n   Where Does Your Time Go?

n   Committed Time

n   Maintenance Time

n   Discretionary Time

n   Where Should Your Time Go?

Setting Priorities

n   Urgent priorities

n   Important priorities

n   Ongoing activities

n   Trivial activities

Time-Management Strategies

             Keep a calendar

             Create a daily to-do


             Do the tough tasks first

             Break projects down into smaller tasks

             Consolidate similar tasks

             Study at your high-energy time

Time-Management Strategies

             Study everywhere and anywhere

             Study in short segments throughout the day

             Get organized

             Be flexible, patient, and persistent

             Realize that you can’t do it all (or at least right now)


Eight Strategies for Success       

n   1. Focus first on high priority items.

n   2. Group related tasks together.

n   3. Get organized.

n   4. Break it into do-able chunks.

n   5. Develop and use timetables.

n   6. Focus on one thing at a time.

n   7. Finish it fully.

n   8. Do it when you think of it.

Develop and use timetables

n    Get articles from library       2 hours

n    Do internet search             2 hours

n    Read and choose relevant information   4 hours

n    Organize report into sections     1 hour

n    Write introductory paragraph     ½ hour

n    Write section one                        2hours

n    Write section two                         2 hours

n    Write section three                      1 hour

n    Proofread                                     1 hour

Goal Setting, Short and Long


Time Wasters and Antidotes

n   Slow decision making

n   Worrying

n   Attempting to do things perfectly

n   Working against your body rhythms

n   Failing to recharge your batteries

n   Feeling you are responsible for everything

n   Getting stuck waiting

n   Starting your day off on the wrong foot

Four Generations of Time Management

n   Notes and checklists

n   Use of tools like appointment books

n   Goal setting, planning

n   The fourth generation is Effectiveness and priorities rather then focusing on schedules.


n     Urgent and Important

n     Crises

n     Pressing problems

n     Deadlines, some meetings


Time-Management and Learning Style

n    Left-brain (convergent thinkers)

n   Routine, structure, deadlines

n    Right-brain (divergent thinkers)

n   Variety, flexibility, creativity, innovation

n  Focus on a few tasks

n  Write it down

n  Use visuals

n  Integrate learning styles

The Effective Student

n   Improving Memory Retention

n   Pay attention

n   Overlearn the material

n   Organize the material

n   Use rehearsal

n   Minimize rote memorization

n   Write it down

n   Use memory aids



n   Reduce interference and distractions

n   Retroactive and Proactive

n   Sleep on it

n   Distribute learning sessions

n   Exercise

n   Test yourself

n   Be aware of learning contexts







n   Survey

n   Question

n   Read

n   Recite

n   Review

Overcome Obstacles

Stop Procrastinating

          Set daily priorities

          Break the project into

          small tasks

          Gather everything you’ll need to start your project

          Focus for short spurts

          Surround yourself with supportive people

Overcoming Obstacles

          Tackle difficult tasks during your high-energy time

          Develop a positive attitude

          Reward yourself

          Don’t expect perfection


n   Low Frustration tolerance

n   Miserable the whole time of the task

n   Can’t bear the torture of this task

n   Unfair to have to do it

n   Can’t enjoy any of it

n   Will fail horribly at the task

n   If you rebel you will get a hero’s acclaim later



n   Substitute Statements

n   You can choose not to be miserable

n   You won’t die from this task, so it is doable

n   Your boss isn’t trying to ruin your life, but to have the business succeed

n   Some aspect of the work may be interesting

n   No guarantee of failure, no big deal if you do

n   You only hurt yourself by delaying


n   The Bits and Pieces Approach

n   Getting Organized

n   To do lists

n   Realistic schedule

n   Do it when you think of it

n   Modify your work environment

n   Block off escape routes


n   The Five Minute Method

n   Don’t Wait for Inspiration

n   Reward Yourself

n   Profit-Penalty System

n   Viewing Mistakes as Feedback


Overcoming Obstacles

Control Interruptions

          Create an organized place to study

          Determine your optimal time to study

          Create quiet time

          Study in the library

          Do first things first

          Just say no

Overcoming Obstacles

Juggling Family, School, and Job

          Be flexible

          Communicate with your family

          Delegate and develop

          Find good day care

          Prepare the night before

Overcoming Obstacles

          Use your school’s resources

          Communicate with your employer

          Look into online options

          Increase your energy—both physically and emotionally

          Create positive time

          Model successful behavior

          Balance your life

Peak Performance:
Success in College and Beyond

Chapter 3

Manage Your Time